The New Central Bank Act (RA 7653)
ESTABLISHMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF THE
BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS
ARTICLE VI - PROFITS, LOSSES, AND SPECIAL ACCOUNTS
SECTION 42. Fiscal Year. — The fiscal year of the Bangko Sentral shall begin on January first and end on December thirty-first of each year.
SECTION 43. Computation of Profits and Losses. — Within the first thirty (30) days following the end of each year, the Bangko Sentral shall determine its net profits or losses. In the calculation of net profits, the Bangko Sentral shall make adequate allowance or establish adequate reserves for bad and doubtful accounts.
SECTION 44. Distribution of Net Profits. — Within the first sixty (60) days following the end of each fiscal year, the Monetary Board shall determine and carry out the distribution of the net profits, in accordance with the following rule:
Fifty percent (50%) of the net profits shall be carried to surplus and the remaining fifty percent (50%) shall revert back to the National Treasury, except as otherwise provided in the transitory provisions of this Act.
SECTION 45. Revaluation Profits and Losses. — Profits or losses arising from any revaluation of the Bangko Sentral's net assets or liabilities in gold or foreign currencies with respect to the Philippine peso shall not be included in the computation of the annual profits and losses of the Bangko Sentral. Any profits or losses arising in this manner shall be offset by any amounts which, as a consequence of such revaluations, are owed by the Philippines to any international or regional intergovernmental financial institution of which the Philippines is a member or are owed by these institutions to the Philippines. Any remaining profit or loss shall be carried in a special frozen account which shall be named "Revaluation of International Reserve" and the net balance of which shall appear either among the liabilities or among the assets of the Bangko Sentral, depending on whether the revaluations have produced net profits or net losses.
The Revaluation of International Reserve account shall be neither credited nor debited for any purposes other than those specifically authorized in this section.
SECTION 46. Suspense Accounts. — Sections 43 and 43-A of Republic Act No. 265, as amended, creating the Monetary Adjustment Account (MAA) and the Exchange Stabilization Adjustment Account (ESAA), respectively, are hereby repealed. Amounts outstanding as of the effective date of this Act based on these accounts shall continue to be for the account of the Central Bank and shall be governed by the transitory provisions of this Act.
The Revaluation of International Reserve (RIR) account as of the effective date of this Act of the Central Bank shall continue to be for the account of the same entity and shall be governed by the provisions of Section 44 of Republic Act No. 265, as amended, until otherwise provided for in accordance with the transitory provisions of this Act.