INSTRUMENTS OF BANGKO SENTRAL ACTION
ARTICLE V - OPEN MARKET OPERATIONS FOR THE ACCOUNT OF THE BANGKO SENTRAL
SECTION 90. Principles of Open Market Operations. — The open market purchases and sales of securities by the Bangko Sentral shall be made exclusively in accordance with its primary objective of achieving price stability.
SECTION 91. Purchases and Sales of Government Securities. — In order to achieve the objectives of the national monetary policy, the Bangko Sentral may, in accordance with the principle stated in Section 90 of this Act and with such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Monetary Board, buy and sell in the open market for its own account:
(a) evidences of indebtedness issued directly by the Government of the Philippines or by its political subdivisions; and
(b) evidences of indebtedness issued by government instrumentalities and fully guaranteed by the Government.
The evidences of indebtedness acquired under the provisions of this section must be freely negotiable and regularly serviced and must be available to the general public through banking institutions and local government treasuries in denominations of a thousand pesos or more.
SECTION 92. Issue and Negotiation of Bangko Sentral Obligations. — In order to provide the Bangko Sentral with effective instruments for open market operations, the Bangko Sentral may, subject to such rules and regulations as the Monetary Board may prescribe and in accordance with the principles stated in Section 90 of this Act, issue, place, buy and sell freely negotiable evidences of indebtedness of the Bangko Sentral: Provided, That issuance of such certificates of indebtedness shall be made only in cases of extraordinary movement in price levels. Said evidences of indebtedness may be issued directly against the international reserve of the Bangko Sentral or against the securities which it has acquired under the provisions of Section 91 of this Act, or may be issued without relation to specific types of assets of the Bangko Sentral.
The Monetary Board shall determine the interest rates, maturities and other characteristics of said obligations of the Bangko Sentral, and may, if it deems it advisable, denominate the obligations in gold or foreign currencies.
Subject to the principles stated in Section 90 of this Act, the evidences of indebtedness of the Bangko Sentral to which this section refers may be acquired by the Bangko Sentral before their maturity, either through purchases in the open market or through redemptions at par and by lot if the Bangko Sentral has reserved the right to make such redemptions. The evidences of indebtedness acquired or redeemed by the Bangko Sentral shall not be included among its assets, and shall be immediately retired and cancelled.
ARTICLE VI - COMPOSITION OF BANGKO SENTRAL'S PORTFOLIO
SECTION 93. Review of the Bangko Sentral's Portfolio. — At least once every month the Monetary Board shall review the portfolio of the Bangko Sentral in relation to its future credit policy.
In reviewing the Bangko Sentral's portfolio, the Monetary Board shall especially consider whether a sufficiently large part of the portfolio consists of assets with early maturities, in order that a contraction in Bangko Sentral credit may be effected promptly whenever the national monetary policy so requires.