INSTRUMENTS OF BANGKO SENTRAL ACTION
ARTICLE VIII - SELECTIVE REGULATION OF BANK OPERATIONS
SECTION 104. Guiding Principle. — The Monetary Board shall use the powers granted to it under this Act to ensure that the supply, availability and cost of money are in accord with the needs of the Philippine economy and that bank credit is not granted for speculative purposes prejudicial to the national interests. Regulations on bank operations shall be applied to all banks of the same category uniformly and without discrimination.
SECTION 105. Margin Requirements Against Letters of Credit. — The Monetary Board may at any time prescribe minimum cash margins for the opening of letters of credit, and may relate the size of the required margin to the nature of the transaction to be financed.
SECTION 106. Required Security Against Bank Loans. — In order to promote liquidity and solvency of the banking system, the Monetary Board may issue such regulations as it may deem necessary with respect to the maximum permissible maturities of the loans and investments which the banks may make, and the kind and amount of security to be required against the various types of credit operations of the banks.
SECTION 107. Portfolio Ceilings. — Whenever the Monetary Board considers it advisable to prevent or check an expansion of bank credit, the Board may place an upper limit on the amount of loans and investments which the banks may hold, or may place a limit on the rate of increase of such assets within specified periods of time. The Monetary Board may apply such limits to the loans and investments of each bank or to specific categories thereof.
In no case shall the Monetary Board establish limits which are below the value of the loans or investments of the banks on the date on which they are notified of such restrictions. The restrictions shall be applied to all banks uniformly and without discrimination.
SECTION 108. Minimum Capital Ratios. — The Monetary Board may prescribe minimum ratios which the capital and surplus of the banks must bear to the volume of their assets, or to specific categories thereof, and may alter said ratios whenever it deems necessary.
ARTICLE IX - COORDINATION OF CREDIT POLICIES BY GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS
SECTION 109. Coordination of Credit Policies. — Government-owned corporations which perform banking or credit functions shall coordinate their general credit policies with those of the Monetary Board.
Toward this end, the Monetary Board may, whenever it deems it expedient, make suggestions or recommendations to such corporations for the more effective coordination of their policies with those of the Bangko Sentral.