The New Central Bank Act (RA 7653)
FUNCTIONS AS BANKER AND FINANCIAL ADVISOR
OF THE GOVERNMENT
ARTICLE II - THE MARKETING AND STABILIZATION OF SECURITIES FOR THE ACCOUNT OF THE GOVERNMENT
A. THE ISSUE AND PLACING OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES
SECTION 117. Issue of Government Obligations. — The issue of securities representing obligations of the Government, its political subdivisions or instrumentalities, may be made through the Bangko Sentral, which may act as agent of, and for the account of, the Government or its respective subdivisions or instrumentality, as the case may be: Provided, however, That the Bangko Sentral shall not guarantee the placement of said securities, and shall not subscribe to their issue except to replace its maturing holdings of securities with the same type as the maturing securities.
SECTION 118. Methods of Placing Government Securities. — The Bangko Sentral may place the securities to which the preceding section refers through direct sale to financial institutions and the public.
The Bangko Sentral shall not be a member of any stock exchange or syndicate, but may intervene therein for the sole purpose of regulating their operations in the placing of government securities.
The Government, or its political subdivisions or instrumentalities, shall reimburse the Bangko Sentral for the expenses incurred in the placing of the aforesaid securities.
SECTION 119. Servicing and Redemption of the Public Debt. — The servicing and redemption of the public debt shall also be effected through the Bangko Sentral.
B. BANGKO SENTRAL SUPPORT OF THE GOVERNMENT SECURITIES MARKET
SECTION 120. The Securities Stabilization Fund. — There shall be established a "Securities Stabilization Fund" which shall be administered by the Bangko Sentral for the account of the Government.
The operations of the Securities Stabilization Fund shall consist of purchases and sales, in the open market, of bonds and other evidences of indebtedness issued or fully guaranteed by the Government. The purpose of these operations shall be to increase the liquidity and stabilize the value of said securities in order thereby to promote investment in government obligations.
The Monetary Board shall use the resources of the Fund to prevent, or moderate, sharp fluctuations in the quotations of said government obligations, but shall not endeavor to alter movements of the market resulting from basic changes in the pattern or level of interest rates.
The Monetary Board shall issue such regulations as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this section.
SECTION 121. Resources of the Securities Stabilization Fund. — Subject to Section 132 of this Act, the resources of the Securities Stabilization Fund shall come from the balance of the fund as held by the Central Bank under Republic Act No. 265 as of the effective date of this Act.
SECTION 122. Profits and Losses of the Fund. — The Securities Stabilization Fund shall retain net profits which it may make on its operations, regardless of whether said profits arise from capital gains or from interest earnings. The Fund shall correspondingly bear any net losses which it may incur.