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The New Central Bank Act (RA 7653)


SECTION 129. Phase-out of Fiscal Agency Functions. — Unless circumstances warrant otherwise and approved by the Congress Oversight Committee, the Bangko Sentral shall, within a period of three (3) years but in no case longer than five (5) years from the approval of this Act, phase out all fiscal agency functions provided for in Sections 117, 118, 119, and 120 as well as in other pertinent provisions of this Act and transfer the same to the Department of Finance.

SECTION 130. Phase-out of Regulatory Powers Over the Operations of Finance Corporations and Other Institutions Performing Similar Functions. — The Bangko Sentral shall, within a period of five (5) years from the effectivity of this Act, phase out its regulatory powers over finance companies without quasi-banking functions and other institutions performing similar functions as provided in existing laws, the same to be assumed by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

SECTION 131. Implementing Details. — The Bangko Sentral shall be made operational by the performance of the following acts:

(a) the President shall constitute the Monetary Board by appointing the members thereof within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act; and

(b) the transfer of such assets and liabilities from the Central Bank to the Bangko Sentral as provided in Section 132 shall be completed within ninety (90) days from the constitution of the Monetary Board.

All incumbent personnel in the Central Bank as of the date of the approval of this Act shall continue to exercise their duties and functions as personnel of the Bangko Sentral subject to the provisions of Section 133: Provided, That such personnel in the Central Bank as may be necessary for the purpose of implementing Section 132 may be assigned by the Bangko Sentral Monetary Board to the Central Bank.

SECTION 132. Transfer of Assets and Liabilities. — Upon the effectivity of this Act, three (3) members of the Monetary Board, which may include the Governor, in representation of the Bangko Sentral, the Secretary of Finance and the Secretary of Budget and Management in representation of the National Government, and the Chairmen of the Committees on Banks of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall determine the assets and liabilities of the Central Bank which may be transferred to or assumed by the Bangko Sentral. The Committee shall complete its work within ninety (90) days from the constitution of the Monetary Board submitting a comprehensive report with all its findings and justification.

The following guidelines shall be strictly observed in the determination of which assets and liabilities shall be transferred to the Bangko Sentral:

(a) the Monetary Board and the Secretary of Finance shall have primary responsibility for working out creative monetary and financial solutions to retire the Central Bank liabilities and losses at the least cost to the Government;

(b) the Bangko Sentral shall remit seventy-five percent (75%) of its net profits to a special deposit account (sinking fund) until such time as the net liabilities of the Central Bank shall have been liquidated through generally accepted finance mechanisms such as, but not limited to, write-offs, set-offs, condonation, collections, reappraisal, revaluation and bond issuance by the National Government, or to the National Government as dividends;

(c) the assets and liabilities to be transferred shall be limited to an amount that will enable the Bangko Sentral to perform its responsibilities adequately and operate on a viable basis: Provided, That the assets shall exceed the liabilities as certified by the Commission on Audit (COA), by an initial amount of Ten billion pesos (P10,000,000,000);

(d) liabilities to be assumed by the Bangko Sentral shall include liability for notes and coins in circulation as of the effective date of this Act; and

(e) any asset or liability of the Central Bank not transferred to the Bangko Sentral shall be retained and administered, disposed of and liquidated by the Central Bank itself which shall continue to exist as the CB Board of Liquidators only for the purposes provided in this paragraph but not later than twenty-five (25) years or until such time that liabilities have been liquidated: Provided, That the Bangko Sentral may financially assist the Central Bank of Liquidators in the liquidation of CB liabilities: Provided, finally, That upon disposition of said retained assets and liquidation of said retained liabilities, the Central Bank shall be deemed abolished.

All actions taken by the Bangko Sentral Monetary Board under this section shall be reported to Congress and the President within thirty (30) days.

SECTION 133. Mandate to Organize. — The Bangko Sentral shall be organized by the Monetary Board without being subject to the provisions of Republic Act No. 7430, by adopting if it so desires, an entirely new staffing pattern on organizational structure to suit the operations of the Bangko Sentral under this Act. No preferential or priority right shall be given to or enjoyed by any personnel for appointment to any position in the new staffing pattern, nor shall any personnel be considered as having prior or vested rights with respect to retention in the Bangko Sentral or in any position which may be created in the new staffing pattern, even if he should be the incumbent of a similar position prior to organization. The formulation of the program of organization shall be completed within six (6) months after the effectivity of this Act, and shall be fully implemented within a period of six (6) months thereafter. Personnel who may not be retained are deemed separated from the service.

SECTION 134. Separation Benefits. — Pursuant to Section 15 of this Act, the Monetary Board is authorized to provide separation incentives, and all those who shall retire or be separated from the service on account of reorganization under the preceding section shall be entitled to such incentives, which shall be in addition to all gratuities and benefits to which they may be entitled under existing laws.

SECTION 135. Repealing Clause. — Except as may be provided for in Section 46 and 132 of this Act, Republic Act No. 265, as amended, the provisions of any other law, special charters, rule or regulation issued pursuant to said Republic Act No. 265, as amended, or parts thereof, which may be inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed. Presidential Decree No. 1792 is likewise repealed.

SECTION 136. Transfer of Powers. — All powers, duties and functions vested by law in the Central Bank of the Philippines not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act shall be deemed transferred to the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. All references to the Central Bank of the Philippines in any law or special charters shall be deemed to refer to the Bangko Sentral.

SECTION 137. Separability Clause. — If any provision or section of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the other provisions or sections of this Act, and the application of such provision or section to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.

SECTION 138. Effectivity Clause. — This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days following its publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) national newspapers of general circulation.






President of the Senate


Speaker of the House of Representatives

This Act which is a consolidation of House Bill No. 7037 and Senate Bill No. 1235 was finally passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on June 10, 1993.





Secretary of the Senate


Secretary General of the House of Representatives


President of the Philippines