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End-January 2013 GIR Rises to US$85.8 Billion


Preliminary data showed that the country’s gross international reserves (GIR) reached US$85.8 billion as of end-January 2013, higher by US$2 billion than the end-December 2012 GIR of US$83.8 billion, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Governor Amando M. Tetangco, Jr. announced today.   The end-January 2013 GIR level can cover 12.3 months worth of imports of goods and payments of services and income.  It was also equivalent to 10.7 times the country’s short-term external debt based on original maturity and 5.8 times based on residual maturity.

Inflows from the BSP’s foreign exchange operations and income from investments abroad as well as foreign currency deposits by the National Government (NG) contributed to the appreciable increase in the end-January 2013 GIR level.  These inflows were partly offset, however, by foreign exchange outflows from the payments by the NG for its maturing foreign exchange obligations, foreign currency withdrawals by the Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management Corporation’s (PSALM) and revaluation losses on the BSP’s gold holdings resulting from the decrease in the price of gold in the international market.

Net international reserves (NIR), which include revaluation of reserve assets, increased by US$2 billion to reach US$85.8 billion as of end-January 2013, compared to the end-December 2012 NIR of US$83.8 billion.  NIR refers to the difference between the BSP’s GIR and total short-term liabilities.


1 The final data on GIR are released to the public every 19th day of the month in the Statistics section of the BSP’s website under the Special Data Dissemination Standards (SDDS).  If the 19th day of the month falls on a weekend or is a non-working holiday, the release date shall be the working day nearest to the 19th.
2 Short-term debt based on residual maturity refers to outstanding external debt with original maturity of one year or less, plus principal payments on medium- and long-term loans of the public and private sectors falling due within the next 12 months.

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