13 CROSS RATES OF THE PESO                                      
  in pesos per unit of foreign currency                                      
  period averages                                        
                                             
   
        US   Japanese   Pound Canadian    Swiss Brunei Australian     Hongkong      N T  S. Korean  Singapore     Malaysian Thai    Indonesian Saudi Chinese UAE    
        Period  Dollar       Yen Euro   Sterling Dollar   Franc Dollar Dollar    Dollar      Dollar   Won  Dollar       Ringgit Baht     Rupiah Rial Yuan Dirham S.D.R.  
                                             
   
  2010 45.1097 0.5144 59.8705 69.7563 43.7844 43.3050 32.9847 41.4212 5.8067 1.4314 0.0390 33.1059 14.0128 1.4232 0.0050 12.0295 6.6622 12.2830 68.8123  
  2011 43.3131 0.5436 60.2791 69.4551 43.8119 48.9662 34.3201 44.6817 5.5645 1.4746 0.0391 34.4567 14.1716 1.4219 0.0049 11.5500 6.6984 11.7930 68.3620  
  2012 42.2288 0.5299 54.3079 66.9249 42.2570 45.0619 33.6685 43.7274 5.4441 1.4282 0.0375 33.8041 13.6818 1.3595 0.0045 11.2607 6.6925 11.4975 64.6712  
  2013 42.4462 0.4356 56.3942 66.4139 41.2098 45.8201 33.7996 41.0195 5.4725 1.4305 0.0388 33.9347 13.4839 1.3832 0.0041 11.3184 6.9048 11.5567 64.5058  
   
  2014 Ave 44.3952 0.4208 59.0432 73.1731 40.2315 48.6018 34.9268 40.0974 5.7252 1.4659 0.0422 35.0648 13.5828 1.3672 0.0037 11.8363 7.2076 12.0872 67.4863  
   
  January 44.9266 0.4321 61.2469 74.0269 41.1783 49.7477 35.1880 39.8717 5.7920 1.4918 0.0422 35.3263 13.6219 1.3657 0.0037 11.9795 7.4251 12.2323 68.9906  
  February 44.8950 0.4397 61.3016 74.3135 40.6097 50.1819 35.3284 40.2635 5.7867 1.4817 0.0419 35.4679 13.5655 1.3756 0.0038 11.9711 7.3893 12.2238 69.1067  
  March 44.7916 0.4381 61.9409 74.4520 40.3382 50.8876 35.2012 40.6363 5.7711 1.4738 0.0419 35.3400 13.6530 1.3832 0.0039 11.9437 7.2601 12.1953 69.3115  
  April 44.6416 0.4351 61.6350 74.6995 40.6009 50.5496 35.4253 41.6028 5.7572 1.4773 0.0428 35.5664 13.7098 1.3815 0.0039 11.9035 7.1717 12.1542 69.0971  
  May 43.9236 0.4314 60.3484 73.9965 40.3407 49.4516 34.9698 40.8495 5.6660 1.4582 0.0429 35.1096 13.6035 1.3513 0.0038 11.7116 7.0410 11.9588 67.9629  
  June 43.8175 0.4293 59.5975 74.0822 40.4681 48.9246 34.8908 41.0022 5.6528 1.4609 0.0430 35.0303 13.6158 1.3474 0.0037 11.6829 7.0296 11.9300 67.5255  
  July 43.4665 0.4276 58.9257 74.2780 40.5584 48.4989 34.8475 40.8363 5.6085 1.4523 0.0426 34.9877 13.6594 1.3531 0.0037 11.5901 7.0096 11.8342 67.0393  
  August 43.7673 0.4258 58.3659 73.2141 40.0898 48.1523 34.9339 40.7390 5.6473 1.4599 0.0427 35.0739 13.7637 1.3663 0.0038 11.6701 7.1085 11.9160 66.8452  
  September 44.0751 0.4119 56.9349 71.9350 40.0966 47.1462 34.7920 40.0406 5.6860 1.4653 0.0427 34.9299 13.7383 1.3708 0.0037 11.7517 7.1795 12.0001 66.1917  
  October 44.7979 0.4156 56.8661 72.0912 39.9746 47.0830 35.0400 39.3383 5.7746 1.4743 0.0423 35.1776 13.7129 1.3812 0.0037 11.9421 7.3101 12.1967 66.5992  
  November 44.9514 0.3875 56.1001 70.9959 39.7096 46.6432 34.5846 38.9172 5.7970 1.4646 0.0411 34.7182 13.4555 1.3717 0.0037 11.9815 7.3394 12.2384 65.9606  
  December 44.6878 0.3755 55.2554 69.9919 38.8130 45.9551 33.9201 37.0710 5.7632 1.4306 0.0405 34.0494 12.8943 1.3589 0.0036 11.9074 7.2276 12.1666 65.2052  
   
  2015 Ave 45.5028 0.3760 50.5291 69.5888 35.6520 47.3197 33.0064 34.2412 5.8697 1.4340 0.0403 33.1266 11.7236 1.3308 0.0034 12.1317 7.2423 12.3892 63.6733  
   
  January 44.6044 0.3764 51.8185 67.5228 36.8376 47.2855 33.2085 36.1260 5.7531 1.4109 0.0410 33.3326 12.4698 1.3627 0.0035 11.8776 7.1705 12.1439 63.4373  
  February 44.2214 0.3728 50.2159 67.7105 35.3451 47.3619 32.5348 34.4404 5.7028 1.4017 0.0402 32.6549 12.2812 1.3575 0.0035 11.7850 7.0756 12.0397 62.4664  
  March 44.4457 0.3695 48.2323 66.6675 35.2817 45.4456 32.1898 34.4120 5.7290 1.4139 0.0400 32.3068 12.1122 1.3638 0.0034 11.8512 7.1198 12.1011 61.6164  
  April 44.4136 0.3717 47.9446 66.4142 36.0270 46.1928 32.8075 34.3952 5.7303 1.4340 0.0409 32.9291 12.2206 1.3660 0.0034 11.8431 7.1605 12.0921 61.4075  
  May 44.6106 0.3697 49.8209 68.9978 36.6623 47.8767 33.3247 35.2446 5.7545 1.4578 0.0409 33.4497 12.4089 1.3334 0.0034 11.8964 7.1904 12.1456 62.6932  
  June 44.9831 0.3635 50.4958 70.0355 36.4134 48.3268 33.3338 34.6977 5.8023 1.4560 0.0404 33.4578 12.0537 1.3345 0.0034 11.9957 7.2488 12.2476 63.1536  
  July 45.2649 0.3674 49.8437 70.4481 35.3235 47.5120 33.1707 33.6277 5.8396 1.4535 0.0396 33.2927 11.9158 1.3212 0.0034 12.0702 7.2911 12.3242 63.2299  
  August 46.1420 0.3746 51.3555 71.9861 35.1180 47.6345 32.9579 33.7471 5.9513 1.4373 0.0393 33.0760 11.4516 1.3053 0.0034 12.3033 7.2960 12.5633 64.6734  
  September 46.7504 0.3891 52.5457 71.7659 35.2777 48.1214 32.9346 33.0060 6.0323 1.4330 0.0395 33.0510 10.8822 1.2991 0.0033 12.4684 7.3395 12.7301 65.7353  
  October 46.3609 0.3860 52.0504 71.0269 35.4449 47.8555 32.9638 33.4019 5.9821 1.4287 0.0405 33.0814 10.8995 1.2978 0.0034 12.3660 7.2971 12.6235 65.2130  
  November 47.0067 0.3844 50.6537 71.5190 35.5067 46.7839 33.1992 33.5722 6.0650 1.4422 0.0409 33.3169 10.9313 1.3159 0.0034 12.5325 7.3878 12.7995 65.0597  
  December 47.2303 0.3874 51.3725 70.9713 34.5859 47.4394 33.4520 34.2240 6.0936 1.4392 0.0403 33.5709 11.0560 1.3129 0.0034 12.5910 7.3302 12.8606 65.3940  
  45.3458 0.3750 50.4525 69.4631 35.7489 47.3088 32.9659 34.2428 5.8493 1.4335 0.0403 33.0863 11.7842 1.3325 0.0034 12.0899 7.2343 12.3464 63.5169  
  2016 Ave 47.4925 0.4375 52.5568 64.3793 35.8617 48.2201 34.2839 35.3147 6.1185 1.4741 0.0410 34.4082 11.4772 1.3461 0.0036 12.6651 7.1506 12.9315 66.0080  
   
  January 47.5111 0.4021 51.6548 68.4806 33.4223 47.2361 33.0498 33.3269 6.1066 1.4228 0.0395 33.1651 10.9323 1.3139 0.0034 12.6654 7.2323 12.9370 65.6702  
  February 47.6361 0.4141 52.9010 68.3006 34.4956 47.9863 33.7871 33.9669 6.1201 1.4337 0.0393 33.9074 11.4192 1.3378 0.0035 12.7053 7.2749 12.9705 66.3930  
  March 46.7240 0.4135 51.9247 66.5513 35.3036 47.5365 33.8829 34.9329 6.0204 1.4323 0.0394 34.0062 11.4424 1.3248 0.0036 12.4619 7.1776 12.7224 65.1155  
  April 46.2845 0.4215 52.4798 66.2094 36.0560 48.0278 34.1669 35.4511 5.9679 1.4320 0.0404 34.2935 11.8771 1.3192 0.0035 12.3449 7.1471 12.6025 65.1867  
  May 46.8023 0.4300 52.9396 68.0290 36.2220 47.8984 34.0577 34.2659 6.0285 1.4382 0.0399 34.1821 11.6100 1.3226 0.0035 12.4809 7.1690 12.7435 66.0576  
  June 46.4645 0.4396 52.2377 66.2371 36.0387 47.9170 34.1957 34.3588 5.9861 1.4375 0.0398 34.3220 11.3847 1.3159 0.0035 12.3922 7.0512 12.6515 65.4159  
  July 47.0581 0.4514 52.0597 61.9364 36.1158 47.9167 34.7176 35.3963 6.0671 1.4656 0.0412 34.8462 11.7313 1.3431 0.0036 12.5482 7.0452 12.8131 65.4310  
  August 46.6809 0.4611 52.3221 61.2008 35.9240 48.1178 34.5537 35.5976 6.0190 1.4804 0.0421 34.6821 11.6032 1.3442 0.0035 12.4492 7.0226 12.7105 65.3051  
  September 47.4294 0.4657 53.1722 62.3769 36.2356 48.7038 34.7812 35.9735 6.1151 1.5073 0.0428 34.9092 11.5624 1.3668 0.0036 12.6480 7.1076 12.9144 66.3412  
  October 48.3482 0.4666 53.3734 59.8314 36.5784 49.0389 34.8646 36.8331 6.2329 1.5323 0.0430 34.9908 11.5970 1.3798 0.0037 12.8925 7.1919 13.1645 66.8267  
  November 49.1550 0.4546 53.0779 61.1309 36.5828 49.3884 34.7534 37.0383 6.3375 1.5486 0.0423 34.8767 11.3852 1.3921 0.0037 13.1085 7.1866 13.3840 67.2043  
  December 49.8156 0.4300 52.5389 62.2673 37.3655 48.8735 34.5968 36.6355 6.4203 1.5589 0.0422 34.7173 11.1822 1.3932 0.0037 13.2843 7.2017 13.5645 67.1488  
  46.9916 0.4163 52.3800 67.5142 35.0999 47.7370 33.7889 34.3887 6.0487 1.4318 0.0397 33.9108 11.4562 1.3237 0.0035 12.5317 7.2002 12.7952 65.6846  
  2017 Ave 49.9392 0.4434 53.6678 62.6480 37.4411 49.9578 35.3426 37.6707 6.4289 1.6251 0.0437 35.4681 11.3208 1.4330 0.0037 13.3180 7.2489 13.5980 67.8775  
   
  January 49.7363 0.4328 52.8348 61.3425 37.6357 49.3186 34.6882 37.0610 6.4125 1.5693 0.0421 34.8096 11.1581 1.4021 0.0037 13.2644 7.2117 13.5425 67.1902  
  February 49.9614 0.4422 53.2346 62.4591 38.1566 49.9397 35.2045 38.2766 6.4388 1.6190 0.0438 35.3290 11.2515 1.4269 0.0037 13.3243 7.2688 13.6044 67.7237  
  March 50.2752 0.4454 53.7365 62.0548 37.5815 50.1804 35.6661 38.3291 6.4745 1.6411 0.0444 35.7930 11.3337 1.4412 0.0038 13.4083 7.2903 13.6901 68.1064  
  April 49.8626 0.4527 53.4359 62.9429 37.1648 49.8251 35.5343 37.6260 6.4150 1.6408 0.0440 35.6614 11.3077 1.4486 0.0037 13.2969 7.2370 13.5768 67.8276  
  May 49.8603 0.4441 55.0972 64.4409 36.6670 50.5254 35.6197 37.0608 6.4036 1.6553 0.0443 35.7474 11.5529 1.4464 0.0037 13.2961 7.2366 13.5763 68.5396  
                                             
   
    Source:   Reference Exchange Rate Bulletin, Treasury Department, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas