Pursuant to Republic Act No. 7653 (The New Central Bank Act), the Governor shall be the chief executive officer of the Bangko Sentral. His powers and duties shall be to:
- Prepare the agenda for the meetings of the Monetary Board and to submit for the consideration of the Board the policies and measures that he believes to be necessary to carry out the purposes and provisions of said Act;
- Execute and administer the policies and measures approved by the Monetary Board;
- Direct and supervise the operations and internal administration of the Bangko Sentral. The Governor may delegate certain of his administrative responsibilities to other officers or may assign specific tasks or responsibilities to any full-time member of the Monetary Board without additional remuneration or allowance whenever he may deem fit or subject to such rules and regulations as the Monetary Board may prescribe;
- Appoint and fix the remunerations and other emoluments of personnel below the rank of a department head in accordance with the position and compensation plans approved by the Monetary Board, as well as to impose disciplinary measures upon personnel of the Bangko Sentral, subject to the provisions of Section 15(c) of said Act: Provided, That removal of personnel shall be with the approval of the Monetary Board;
- Render opinions, decisions, or rulings, which shall be final and executory until reversed or modified by the Monetary Board, on matters regarding application or enforcement of laws pertaining to institutions supervised by the Bangko Sentral and laws pertaining to quasi-banks, as well as regulations, policies or instructions issued by the Monetary Board, and the implementation thereof; and
- Exercise such other powers as may be vested in him by the Monetary Board.
The Governor of the Bangko Sentral shall be the principal representative of the Monetary Board and of the Bangko Sentral and, in such capacity and in accordance with the instructions of the Monetary Board, he shall be empowered to:
- Represent the Monetary Board and the Bangko Sentral in all dealings with other offices, agencies and instrumentalities of the Government, and all other persons or entities, public or private, whether domestic, foreign or international;
- Sign contracts entered into by the Bangko Sentral, notes and securities issued by the Bangko Sentral, all reports, balance sheets, profit and loss statements, correspondence, and other documents of the Bangko Sentral;
- Represent the Bangko Sentral, either personally or through counsel, including private counsel, as may be authorized by the Monetary Board, in any legal proceedings, action or specialized legal studies; and
- Delegate his power to represent the Bangko Sentral, to other officers upon his own responsibility: Provided, however, That in order to preserve the integrity and the prestige of his office, the Governor of the Bangko Sentral may choose not to participate in preliminary discussions with any multilateral banking or financial institution on any negotiations for the Government within or outside the Philippines. During the negotiations, he may instead be represented by a permanent negotiator.